The Fieseler Stork
The Fieseler Fi 156 Storch is a propeller-driven aircraft, which first flew in 1936. It was designed and built in the Gerhard Fieseler works in Kassel by tender for a short takeoff and landing aircraft with slow flight characteristics. The stork, as he was known for his long-legged chassis, was the standard courier and liaison aircraft of the German Luftwaffe during World War II. He was also used as observation and Ambulance. The engine was delivered to the Air Force, Finland, Italy, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Romania, Slovakia and Switzerland.
The structure is equipped with fixed slats across the entire span, statically balanced slotted ailerons with Flettner rudder over half the span and large flaps. This makes for good slow-flight and STOL capabilities. The wings can be folding in on and off-road transport by 90 ° backward. A generously glazed cab allows excellent visibility. Designers of the machine were Dipl.-Ing. Reinhold Mewes and his staff who were employed at the Gerhard Fieseler works since 1934.
The first flight was on 10 by Gerhard Fieseler May 1936 on the airfield of Kassel Waldau performed, which then transferred but the actual flight trials Typeneinflieger. Even in the early days was a machine while rolling to break when she was captured and knocked over by crosswind. Then the suspension for significantly more track was laid.
The construction of the stork enables an extremely low minimum flying speed under 50 km / h Thus reducing the demands on takeoff and landing distances. To start the stork enough into the wind at 50 meters, 20 meters to land. With appropriate headwind the stork could also be in the air or, with respect to the ground, even move backwards.
A spectacular use of a Fieseler Stork was the company "oak", the liberation of deposed Italian dictator Benito Mussolini from Gran Sasso d'Italia on 12 September 1943.
International recognition gained the storks than 19 November 1946, a Douglas C-53 Skytrooper the USAAF accident in Switzerland on Gauligletscher. All 11 people on board survived the crash. The complex rescue attempts of all Americans fell through, but with the storks of the Swiss Air Force for five nights, the victim could be saved.
Fieseler Storch für Kassel e.V.